X: If you could, would you have done differently?
Y: I would not have accepted this life imposed on me, with its limits and responsibilities.
X: Why don't you do so now?
Y: It's just too much trouble. Would create too much of a mess of my life. It's not worth it. I don't value freedom that much to jeopardize a life of peace. Plus I don't want to hurt the people around me. It's better that way. I'm content, and I know that fighting for my freedom in the circumstances I am in would not make me any happier.
* Is valuing a life of peace morally equivalent to valuing a life of freedom? If Y had instead fought for his freedom, jeopardizing his peace and alienating the people in his life, would it be a pursuit of something (morally) noble and admirable or would it merely be a result of the fact that he values something different?
* If you support Y in what he did, is it because you yourself prefer peace over freedom? If you find fighting for freedom admirable, is it because you yourself value freedom over peace? Is our moral admirability of something based on how we prioritize our own values?
* Everyone has a right to act according to what they value. To believe otherwise would be contrary to individual freedom. But is there any basis to our moral praise or disapproval of what people value?
* Are there values that people ought to value? An "ought" cannot exist, suspended by itself. No, it can't. No categorical imperatives. It has to be hypothetical: If you desire your own well-being, flourishing, you ought to value A.
* Are there more than one ways to flourish for an individual? There is no reason to suppose otherwise. If so, many values can lead to individual flourishing, and prioritization among them would be a matter of individual preference.
* Valuing peace over freedom, or valuing freedom over peace, do they both lead to individual flourishing? [Let's assume they do.]
* If Y values peace over freedom, and peace he can have, then acting accordingly would lead to his individual flourishing.
* If [Y] values freedom over peace, and freedom he is denied, then he is denied his flourishing. You cannot obtain flourishing from what you do not value. To fight for freedom is still his best bet for flourishing, in case he succeeds.
* Y is pursuing his own flourishing, but that is also (incidentally) the easy way out. Such cannot be deserving of our moral praise. The issue of praise or blame would not even arise. ('Moral luck')
* [Y], if he pursues his freedom, he is displaying courage by fighting against the odds for what is his right. This is deserving of moral praise. If [Y] chickens out, if [Y] displays cowardice and picks the easy way out, he is not deserving of moral praise. If this choice is not excused, justified or seen as understandable [depending on state of reactive attitudes], one can judge it to be morally disappointing.
*What if [Y] decides not to pursue his freedom, not out of cowardice, but because he decides to sacrifice his flourishing for the flourishing of people around him, whose flourishing is parasitic on his, would this be deserving of moral praise? Two attitudes are possible here, based on how you view this act of sacrifice. You could praise it as an act of altruism, or you could consider it to be based on good intentions, but ultimately misguided and hence not deserving of moral praise. Which of these is correct, I'm not sure but I lean towards the latter.